Saturday, 28 January 2017

A Spider for Christmas.

...but not any old Spider; Gibbaranea bituberculata, to be precise.

Allow me to explain...

Christmas day 2016. The morning present opening was full steam ahead with Archie leading the way. I was sat, passing the boy his presents when something on one of the bags caught my eye; a Spider.
As is not unusual in our household, I shout Spider (or Fly, or Moth, or any insect for that matter!) and someone follows up with; "keep an eye on it, I'll get a pot!" Like a well oiled machine it is. Someone watching it, someone fetching a pot and someone helping to catch it.
I love Spiders. They're a group I enjoy observing and identifying and although I am FAR from being any sort of expert on them, I knew immediately that it was not something I recognised. That makes me excited. Not at all is the case that if I don't recognise it, it must be rare, but if I don't recognise it, it must be a new species for me - just as rewarding in my eyes.

After the un-wrapping and mandatory Dad jobs of installing batteries, putting together this-and-that and test driving everything in sight, I had a chance to take a look at our catch. I could tell right away that it was an Orb-weaver, one of the Araneidae family, the shape and general habitus gave that away. The abdominal markings led me to the genus 'Gibbaranea' which (thankfully) only leaves a handful of possibilities, four to be exact, with three of them described in M.J. Roberts' Spiders of Britain and Northern Europe.

Those being:

- G.gibbosa > similar markings but gibbosa having a green tint, sometimes quite striking.

- G.bituberculata > Once frequent at one site in Britain: Burnham Beeches (Bucks) before the bushes and plants supporting this species were cut to the ground, DESPITE the site being notified as an SSSI 3yrs earlier! Widespread in Northern Europe but generally uncommon.

- G.omoeda > Absent from britain. Widespread in Northern Europe.


Whilst comparing the Gibbaranea species, I just kept being drawn back to bituberculata. To confidently identify Spiders, you need to inspect the pedipalps (or 'palps') in adult males and the epigyne in adult females. In adult males, the palps are used as a reproductive organ, passing on the sperm. As such, the male palps are rather a complicated, intricate structure and individual to each species, hence, the part of the anatomy used to determine ID.
Almost as intricate as the parts themselves, are the drawings used to compare and clinch ID. Just take a look HERE at the species account for G.bituberculata to see what I mean.

Didn't take long to hit a speed bump when I got the spider under the microscope to find his palps were completely smooth. No structure or detail at all. I need to give a big thanks to MATT PRINCE now, for always helping me out with my spider troubles! He has taught me a lot and pointed out that 'my' spider is in fact a sub-adult, which is why the lack of fully formed palps. Matt told me that it looked to be only one moult away from full adulthood and so may be worth rearing it through - which is what I did! He went into a big pot with twigs, water and a few midges to feed on, and did pretty much nothing! Matt warned that they can be 'stubborn' and put off adulthood for months so I was prepared for the long haul.

Jan 18th - checked the pot and felt like it was Christmas again! No long haul for me, barely 3 weeks of waiting and there was a freshly moulted exoskeleton at the bottom of the pot, with a fresh, dapper looking male at the top, showing off his new suit! Thankfully, Matt's knowledge was bang-on and it was only the one moult needed. Cheers again Matt!
A look under the microscope and glance at a fully formed palps confirmed a full adult. Next came the hard, yet rewarding part: getting a confident ID. Was my initial thought a bit far fetched? Have I stumbled across a decent find? Well, no AND yes to those questions as it WAS
bituberculata! In my eyes, anyway. Only thing is, my eyes are not expert eyes so I needed confirmation which came by way of my Arachnid County Recorder; Pip Collyer.

Pip was quick on the case having us been liaising prior, regarding the find, and he was kindly confirmed it was
bituberculata. Fantastic!
Finding a species not known in Britain for over 50yrs produces questions. In the back of my mind since the end of December was the fact that we had a real Christmas tree and more to the point, where would that have come from? 
Like a snippet from a CSI programme, I turned my detective head on and went back to the garden centre we got our tree from to speak to the staff about the origins of our tree. They were surprisingly intrigued and very interested to hear of the spider themselves, and could not have been any more helpful.
Without the individual tree code (which we threw out straight away), it would be impossible to know the trees exact history. However, what they could tell me, was that this type and size of tree would've been grown in either Belgium OR Scotland. Great, I thought! Maybe there's an as yet, undiscovered population in Scotland somewhere now?! However, they then explained that whether grown in Belgium or Scotland, they would all have been shipped to the Netherlands, to then be shipped back to here in the UK (talk about carbon footprint!).
So, the exact origins are going to be left unknown. Could it have come from Scotland? Belgium? The Netherlands? Or did it just it jump on for somewhere to hide at the garden centre? Or even from my own garden where the tree layed for a few days before coming indoors? The last one's doubtful, but who knows?? Maybe one day it'll be the missing puzzle piece to a discovery in Scotland, or one closer to home? I shall be on the look out just in case!


Here are a few photos of the cracking Gibbaranea bituberculata:

These two are when he was sub-adult. Note the lack of any structure or detail to the palps, they are just smooth 'bulbs' (minus the hair of course).

Sub-adult

Sub-adult

Now compare to these next two. After moulting to emerge as a full adult:
See how complex the palps have now become?

adult
adult

Just a couple more of this great Spider:

Gibbaranea bituberculata

Gibbaranea bituberculata

Gibbaranea bituberculata



Saturday, 30 July 2016

500 moths by end of 2016? Game on!

Since I started moth-ing, I've always photographed every new species to me, with the idea in mind of having my own personal records to look back on and refer to. I'd never counted up the total number of species I've seen until earlier in the year as one of those rainy day, nothing else to do kinda jobs.

As the count passed 200-300-400, I was pleasantly surprised. It's by no means at the dizzy heights of most other moth enthusiasts, but it's what I've seen since "properly" starting around 3 years ago and I'm not disappointed.
The count settled on 418 and immediately I set my eyes on the 500 mark. I then set my eyes on the 500 mark by the end of the year, to add a bit of spice to the challenge! Bearing in mind, and I must remind/inform you that we don't have a garden and never have done since I really got into it. A lot of my moth-ing was done in my parents' garden, a short drive away. They have now however, recently moved to Norfolk so it's not such a short drive away any more, BUT it has meant a lot of different species caught since running the light in their new garden.

After half a dozen or so nights running the light in their new garden, a few Clearwing 'hunts' and the odd moth-ing session out in the sticks with a generator, my tally now stands at 458. There are around 6-7 of the 'aggs' which I have not included.

Is the big 500 still achievable? We shall see...

Here is my list for those who wish to have a look. Not a government regulated, professionally approved log - my own list. For my own enjoyment:


- 2013 Checklist number - Bradley and Fletcher number - Scientific name - Vernacular name - Micro/Macro - Notes
2.001 0006 Dyseriocrania subpurpurella  Common Oak Purple micro = Eriocrania subpurpurella
3.001 0015 Triodia sylvina  Orange Swift macro = Hepialus sylvina
3.002 0017 Korscheltellus lupulina  Common Swift macro = Hepialus lupulinus
3.005 0014 Hepialus humuli  Ghost Moth macro  
4.045 0050 Stigmella aurella  Golden Pigmy micro mine only seen
7.001 0148 Nemophora degeerella Yellow-barred Long-horn micro  
7.004 0144 Nemophora fasciella Horehound Long-horn micro  
7.006 0150 Adela reaumurella  Green Long-horn micro  
7.009 0153 Cauchas fibulella Little Long-horn micro = Adela fibulella
7.010 0152 Cauchas rufimitrella Meadow Long-horn micro = Adela rufimitrella
7.012 0141 Nematopogon schwarziellus Sandy Long-horn micro  
7.015 0140 Nematopogon swammerdamella Large Long-horn micro  
8.002 0130 Incurvaria masculella Feathered Bright micro  
8.003 0131 Incurvaria oehlmanniella Common Bright micro  
10.001 0123 Tischeria ekebladella  Oak Carl micro  
12.010 0196 Morophaga choragella Large Clothes Moth micro  
12.012 0224 Triaxomera parasitella Large Brindled Clothes Moth micro  
12.016 0216 Nemapogon cloacella Cork Moth micro  
12.027 0240 Tinea pellionella Case-bearing Clothes Moth micro  
12.032 0246 Tinea semifulvella Fulvous Clothes Moth micro  
12.033 0247 Tinea trinotella Bird’s-nest Moth micro  
12.036 0227 Monopis laevigella Skin Moth micro  
12.039 0230 Monopis crocicapitella Pale-backed Clothes Moth micro  
15.004 0282 Caloptilia elongella Pale Red Slender micro  
15.006 0284 Caloptilia rufipennella Small Red Slender micro  
15.015 0294 Aspilapteryx tringipennella Ribwort Slender micro  
15.034 0315 Phyllonorycter harrisella  White Oak Midget micro  
15.089 0366a Cameraria ohridella Horse Chestnut Leaf-miner micro  
16.001 0424 Yponomeuta evonymella Bird-cherry Ermine micro  
16.005 0428 Yponomeuta rorrella  Willow Ermine micro  
17.008 0458 Ypsolopha alpella  Barred Smudge micro  
17.012 0462 Ypsolopha sequella  Pied Smudge micro  
18.001 0464 Plutella xylostella Diamond-back Moth micro  
19.002 0397 Glyphipterix thrasonella  Speckled Fanner micro  
19.003 0396 Glyphipterix fuscoviridella Plain Fanner micro  
19.007 0391 Glyphipterix simpliciella  Cocksfoot Moth micro  
20.005 0409a Argyresthia trifasciata Triple-barred Argent micro  
20.007 0409b Argyresthia cupressella Cypress Tip Moth micro  
20.011 0410 Argyresthia brockeella Gold-ribbon Argent micro  
20.012 0411 Argyresthia goedartella Golden Argent micro  
20.021 0420 Argyresthia pruniella Cherry Fruit Moth micro  
21.001 0263 Lyonetia clerkella  Apple Leaf Miner micro  
22.002 0449 Prays fraxinella Ash Bud Moth micro  
25.001 0450 Scythropia crataegella  Hawthorn Moth micro  
27.001 0870 Oegoconia quadripuncta Four-spotted Obscure micro gen. det. not done
28.009 0648 Endrosis sarcitrella White-shouldered House Moth micro  
28.010 0647 Hofmannophila pseudospretella Brown House Moth micro  
28.012 0644 Borkhausenia fuscescens Small Dingy Tubic micro  
28.014 0642 Crassa unitella Golden-brown Tubic micro = Batia unitella
28.015 0640 Batia lunaris New Tawny Tubic micro  
28.019 0649 Esperia sulphurella  Sulphur Tubic micro  
28.022 0652 Alabonia geoffrella  Common Tubic micro  
28.024 0656 Tachystola acroxantha Ruddy Streak micro  
29.001 0663 Diurnea fagella March Tubic micro  
31.001 0658 Carcina quercana Long-horned Flat-body micro  
32.017 0697 Agonopterix arenella Brindled Flat-body micro  
32.030 0706 Agonopterix nervosa Dark-fringed Flat-body micro  
32.031 0695 Agonopterix alstromeriana Brown-spot Flat-body micro  
32.039 0670 Depressaria daucella Dingy Flat-body micro  
34.004 0898 Limnaecia phragmitella Bulrush Cosmet micro  
35.012 0854 Anacampsis blattariella Birch Sober micro gen. det. not done
35.033 0808 Platyedra subcinerea  Mallow Groundling micro  
35.040 0787 Bryotropha terrella Cinereous Groundling micro  
35.047 0779 Bryotropha affinis Dark Groundling micro  
35.099 0801a Gelechia senticetella Cypress Groundling micro  
37.035 0517 Coleophora alcyonipennella Clover Case-bearer micro  
38.004 0610 Elachista argentella Swan-feather Dwarf micro  
38.022 0594 Elachista gleichenella Twin-barred Dwarf micro  
38.038 0608 Elachista rufocinerea Red-brindled Dwarf micro  
40.006 0890 Mompha jurassicella  Scarce Cosmet micro  
41.002 0873 Blastobasis adustella Dingy Dowd micro = Blastobasis lignea
41.003 0874 Blastobasis lacticolella London Dowd micro = Blastobasis decolorella
43.002 0911 Scythris grandipennis Black Owlet micro  
44.001 1288 Alucita hexadactyla  Twenty-plumed (Many-plumed) Moth micro  
45.008 1504 Gillmeria pallidactyla  Yarrow Plume micro = Platyptilia pallidactyla
45.010 1497 Amblyptilia acanthadactyla Beautiful Plume micro  
45.012 1509 Stenoptilia pterodactyla Brown Plume micro  
45.023 1495 Marasmarcha lunaedactyla Crescent plume micro  
45.030 1513 Pterophorus pentadactyla White Plume micro  
45.044 1524 Emmelina monodactyla Common Plume micro  
48.001 0385 Anthophila fabriciana Common Nettle-tap micro  
48.001 0385 Anthophila fabriciana Common Nettle-tap micro  
48.007 0389 Choreutis pariana Apple Leaf Skeletoniser micro  
49.004 1010 Ditula angustiorana Red-barred Tortrix micro  
49.013 0977 Archips podana Large Fruit-tree Tortrix micro  
49.015 0980 Archips xylosteana Variegated Golden Tortrix micro  
49.020 0974 Argyrotaenia ljungiana Heather Tortrix micro  
49.022 1000 Ptycholoma lecheana Brindled Tortrix micro  
49.024 0969 Pandemis corylana  Chequered Fruit-tree Tortrix micro  
49.025 0970 Pandemis cerasana  Barred Fruit-tree Tortrix micro  
49.026 0972 Pandemis heparana Dark Fruit-tree Tortrix micro  
49.029 1002 Lozotaenia forsterana Large Ivy Tortrix micro  
49.030 0985 Cacoecimorpha pronubana Carnation Tortrix micro  
49.031 0989 Aphelia paleana Timothy Tortrix micro  
49.038 0994 Clepsis consimilana Privet Tortrix micro  
49.039 0998 Epiphyas postvittana Light Brown Apple Moth micro  
49.040 1001 Lozotaeniodes formosana Orange Pine Tortrix micro  
49.042 1027 Neosphaleroptera nubilana Deep Brown Shade micro  
49.049 1024 Cnephasia incertana Light Grey Tortrix micro  
49.059 1033 Tortrix viridana Green Oak Tortrix micro  
49.060 1032 Aleimma loeflingiana Yellow Oak Button micro  
49.062 1036 Acleris forsskaleana Maple Button micro  
49.071 1062 Acleris emargana Notch-wing Button micro  
49.082 1055 Acleris hyemana Heath Button micro  
49.086 1051 Acleris logiana  Grey Birch Button micro  
49.090 1015 Eulia ministrana  Brassy Tortrix micro  
49.091 1011 Pseudargyrotoza conwagana Yellow-spot Tortrix micro  
49.097 0936 Cochylimorpha straminea Straw Conch micro  
49.101 0926 Phalonidia manniana Water-mint Conch micro gen. det. not done
49.109 0937 Agapeta hamana Hook-marked Straw Moth micro  
49.110 0938 Agapeta zoegana  Knapweed Conch micro  
49.114 0941 Aethes hartmanniana Scabious conch micro  
49.120 0947 Aethes smeathmanniana Yarrow Conch micro  
49.128 0946 Aethes rubigana Burdock Conch micro  
49.133 0968 Cochylis nana Birch Conch micro  
49.134 0962 Cochylis roseana  Rosy Conch micro  
49.136 0965 Cochylis hybridella White-bodied Conch micro  
49.137 0964 Cochylis dubitana Little Conch micro  
49.144 1113 Eudemis profundana Diamond-back Marble micro  
49.150 1093 Apotomis betuletana Birch Marble micro  
49.156 1083 Hedya nubiferana Marbled Orchard Tortrix micro  
49.157 1082 Hedya pruniana  Plum Tortrix micro  
49.161 1063 Celypha striana Barred Marble micro  
49.166 1076 Celypha lacunana Common Marble micro  
49.180 1079 Piniphila bifasciana  Pine Marble micro  
49.186 1097 Endothenia gentianaeana Teasel Marble micro  
49.194 1111 Bactra lancealana Rush Marble micro  
49.200 1216 Enarmonia formosana Cherry Bark Moth micro  
49.212 1129 Ancylis apicella Hook-tipped Roller micro  
49.224 1205 Spilonota ocellana Bud Moth micro  
49.240 1136 Epinotia immundana  Common Birch Bell micro  
49.252 1142 Epinotia tedella  Common Spruce Bell micro  
49.254 1133 Epinotia bilunana  Crescent Bell micro  
49.255 1138 Epinotia nisella Grey Poplar Bell micro  
49.260 1165 Zeiraphera isertana Cock's-head Bell micro  
49.265 1201 Eucosma cana  Hoary Bell micro  
49.266 1200 Eucosma hohenwartiana Bright Bell micro  
49.278 1171 Gypsonoma minutana Brindled Shoot micro  
49.279 1169 Gypsonoma dealbana Common Cloaked Shoot micro  
49.280 1170 Gypsonoma oppressana Poplar Shoot micro  
49.288 1183 Epiblema foenella White-foot Bell micro  
49.292 1174 Notocelia cynosbatella Yellow-faced Bell micro = Epiblema cynosbatella
49.294 1175 Notocelia uddmanniana Bramble Shoot Moth micro = Epiblema uddmanniana
49.298 1176 Notocelia trimaculana Triple-blotched Bell micro = Epiblema trimaculana
49.305 1210 Rhyacionia buoliana  Pine Shoot Moth micro  
49.316 1278 Dichrorampha sequana Square-spot Drill micro  
49.321 1273 Dichrorampha petiverella Common Drill micro  
49.322 1276 Dichrorampha plumbagana Silver-lined Drill micro  
49.325 1255 Cydia ulicetana Grey Gorse Piercer micro = Cydia succedana
49.338 1261 Cydia pomonella Codling Moth micro  
49.341 1260 Cydia splendana Marbled Piercer micro  
49.343 1262 Cydia amplana  Vagrant Piercer micro  
49.347 1241 Grapholita compositella Triple-stripe Piercer micro  
49.354 1251 Grapholita jungiella  Vetch Piercer micro  
49.367 1236 Pammene fasciana Acorn Piercer micro  
50.002 0161 Zeuzera pyrina Leopard Moth macro  
52.002 0370 Sesia apiformis Hornet Moth macro  
52.006 0375 Synanthedon spheciformis White-barred Clearwing macro  
52.008 0380 Synanthedon formicaeformis  Red-tipped Clearwing macro  
52.011 0379 Synanthedon myopaeformis  Red-belted Clearwing macro  
52.012 0374 Synanthedon vespiformis  Yellow-legged Clearwing macro  
52.013 0373 Synanthedon tipuliformis Currant Clearwing macro  
52.014 0382 Bembecia ichneumoniformis  Six-belted Clearwing macro  
54.002 0163 Adscita statices  Forester macro  
54.008 0169 Zygaena filipendulae Six-spot Burnet macro  
62.001 1428 Aphomia sociella Bee Moth micro  
62.006 1425 Galleria mellonella Wax Moth micro  
62.0151 1462a Delplanqueia inscriptella Brown Powdered Knot-horn* micro Gen. Det. Done by J.Wheeler
62.021 1441 Oncocera semirubella Rosy-striped Knot-horn micro  
62.024 1445 Rhodophaea formosa  Beautiful Knot-horn micro = Pempelia formosa
62.028 1454 Dioryctria abietella Dark Pine Knot-horn micro  
62.029 1452 Phycita roborella  Dotted Oak Knot-horn micro  
62.035 1439 Acrobasis advenella Grey Knot-horn micro = Trachycera advenella
62.036 1438 Acrobasis suavella Thicket Knot-horn micro = Trachycera suavella
62.047 1461 Assara terebrella Dark Spruce Knot-horn micro  
62.048 1470 Euzophera pinguis  Ash-bark Knot-horn micro  
62.054 1481 Homoeosoma sinuella Twin-barred Knot-horn micro  
62.065 1474 Ephestia unicolorella False Cacao Moth micro = Ephestia parasitella
62.070 1414 Synaphe punctalis  Long-legged Tabby micro  
62.072 1417 Pyralis farinalis Meal Moth micro  
62.074 1421 Aglossa pinguinalis Large Tabby micro  
62.075 1413 Hypsopygia costalis  Gold Triangle micro = Gold Fringe
62.076 1415 Hypsopygia glaucinalis Double-striped Tabby micro = Orthopygia glaucinalis
62.077 1424 Endotricha flammealis Rosy Tabby micro  
63.005 1365 Pyrausta despicata Straw-barred Pearl micro  
63.006 1361 Pyrausta aurata  Small Purple and Gold (Mint Moth) micro  
63.015 1371 Sitochroa verticalis Lesser Pearl micro  
63.016 1386 Anania fuscalis Cinerous Pearl micro = Opsibotys fuscalis
63.018 1378 Anania coronata  Elder Pearl micro = Phlyctaenia coronata = Eurrhypara coronata
63.022 1385 Anania crocealis Ochreous Pearl micro = Ebulea crocealis
63.025 1376 Anania hortulata Small Magpie micro = Eurrhypara hortulata
63.028 1375 Ostrinia nubilalis European Corn Borer micro  
63.033 1388 Udea lutealis  Pale Straw Pearl micro  
63.037 1392 Udea olivalis Olive Pearl micro  
63.038 1405 Pleuroptya ruralis Mother of Pearl micro  
63.048 1408 Palpita vitrealis Olive-tree Pearl micro  
63.052 1398 Nomophila noctuella Rush Veneer micro  
63.057 1356 Evergestis forficalis  Garden Pebble micro  
63.060 1358 Evergestis pallidata Chequered Straw micro  
63.066 1333 Scoparia pyralella Meadow Grey micro  
63.067 1338 Eudonia lacustrata Little Grey micro  
63.069 1342 Eudonia angustea Narrow-winged Grey micro  
63.074 1344 Eudonia mercurella Small Grey micro  
63.080 1293 Chrysoteuchia culmella Garden Grass-veneer micro  
63.081 1294 Crambus pascuella Grass-veneer micro  
63.086 1301 Crambus lathoniellus  Hook-streaked Grass-Veneer micro  
63.088 1302 Crambus perlella Yellow Satin Veneer micro f. warringtonellus
63.089 1305 Agriphila tristella Common Grass-veneer micro  
63.092 1303 Agriphila selasella Pale-streak Grass-veneer micro  
63.093 1304 Agriphila straminella Pearl Veneer micro  
63.095 1309 Agriphila geniculea Elbow-stripe Grass-veneer micro  
63.099 1313 Catoptria pinella Pearl Grass-veneer micro  
63.102 1316 Catoptria falsella Chequered Grass-veneer micro  
63.107 1321 Thisanotia chrysonuchella Powdered Grass-veneer micro  
63.114 1345 Elophila nymphaeata Brown China-mark micro  
63.115 1331 Acentria ephemerella Water Veneer micro  
63.116 1354 Cataclysta lemnata  Small China-mark micro  
63.117 1348 Parapoynx stratiotata Ringed China-mark micro  
63.118 1350 Nymphula nitidulata  Beautiful China-mark micro = Nymphula stagnata
63.120 1328 Schoenobius gigantella Giant Water-veneer micro  
65.002 1646 Watsonalla binaria  Oak Hook-tip macro  
65.003 1647 Watsonalla cultraria  Barred Hook-tip macro  
65.005 1648 Drepana falcataria Pebble Hook-tip macro  
65.007 1651 Cilix glaucata Chinese Character macro  
65.008 1652 Thyatira batis  Peach Blossom macro  
65.009 1653 Habrosyne pyritoides Buff Arches macro  
65.010 1654 Tethea ocularis Figure of Eighty macro  
66.005 1633 Eriogaster lanestris  Small Eggar macro  
66.007 1637 Lasiocampa quercus  Oak Eggar macro  
66.008 1638 Macrothylacia rubi  Fox Moth macro  
66.010 1640 Euthrix potatoria Drinker macro  
68.001 1643 Saturnia pavonia  Emperor Moth macro  
69.001 1979 Mimas tiliae  Lime Hawk-moth macro  
69.002 1980 Smerinthus ocellata Eyed Hawk-moth macro  
69.003 1981 Laothoe populi  Poplar Hawk-moth macro  
69.006 1976 Sphinx ligustri  Privet Hawk-moth macro  
69.007 1978 Sphinx pinastri  Pine Hawk-moth macro = Hyloicus pinastri
69.010 1984 Macroglossum stellatarum Humming-bird Hawk-moth macro  
69.016 1991 Deilephila elpenor  Elephant Hawk-moth macro  
69.017 1992 Deilephila porcellus  Small Elephant Hawk-moth macro  
70.004 1699 Idaea rusticata  Least Carpet macro  
70.006 1705 Idaea fuscovenosa  Dwarf Cream Wave macro  
70.008 1707 Idaea seriata  Small Dusty Wave macro  
70.011 1708 Idaea dimidiata  Single-dotted Wave macro  
70.012 1711 Idaea trigeminata  Treble Brown Spot macro  
70.013 1702 Idaea biselata Small Fan-footed Wave macro  
70.016 1713 Idaea aversata  Riband Wave macro  
70.021 1687 Scopula ornata Lace Border macro  
70.024 1690 Scopula imitaria Small Blood-vein macro  
70.025 1692 Scopula immutata Lesser Cream Wave macro  
70.027 1693 Scopula floslactata  Cream Wave macro  
70.029 1682 Timandra comae Blood-vein macro  
70.032 1677 Cyclophora albipunctata Birch Mocha macro  
70.036 1680 Cyclophora punctaria  Maiden's Blush macro  
70.038 1716 Rhodometra sacraria  Vestal macro  
70.045 1732 Scotopteryx chenopodiata Shaded Broad-bar macro  
70.049 1728 Xanthorhoe fluctuata  Garden Carpet macro  
70.050 1721 Xanthorhoe biriviata  Balsam Carpet macro  
70.051 1724 Xanthorhoe spadicearia  Red Twin-spot Carpet macro  
70.052 1725 Xanthorhoe ferrugata Dark-barred Twin-spot Carpet macro  
70.054 1727 Xanthorhoe montanata  Silver-ground Carpet macro  
70.056 1736 Catarhoe cuculata Royal Mantle macro  
70.059 1742 Camptogramma bilineata  Yellow Shell macro  
70.061 1738 Epirrhoe alternata Common Carpet macro  
70.067 1747 Anticlea derivata  Streamer macro  
70.069 1749 Pelurga comitata Dark Spinach macro  
70.074 1777 Hydriomena furcata July Highflyer macro  
70.077 1767 Pennithera firmata  Pine Carpet macro = Thera firmata
70.079 1769 Thera britannica  Spruce Carpet macro  
70.081 1768 Thera obeliscata  Grey Pine Carpet macro  
70.083 1771a Thera cupressata  Cypress Carpet macro  
70.084 1766 Plemyria rubiginata Blue-bordered Carpet macro  
70.085 1765 Cidaria fulvata Barred Yellow macro  
70.087 1752 Cosmorhoe ocellata  Purple Bar macro  
70.089 1754 Eulithis prunata Phoenix macro  
70.093 1758 Gandaritis pyraliata  Barred Straw macro = Eulithis pyraliata
70.095 1760 Chloroclysta siterata Red-green Carpet macro  
70.097 1764 Dysstroma truncata Common Marbled Carpet macro = Chloroclysta truncata
70.098 1762 Dysstroma citrata  Dark Marbled Carpet macro = Chloroclysta citrata
70.100 1776 Colostygia pectinataria  Green Carpet macro  
70.106 1799 Operophtera brumata  Winter Moth macro  
70.114 1876 Hydrelia flammeolaria Small Yellow Wave macro  
70.130 1870 Odezia atrata Chimney Sweeper macro  
70.132 1802 Perizoma affinitata  Rivulet macro  
70.133 1803 Perizoma alchemillata  Small Rivulet macro  
70.141 1862 Gymnoscelis rufifasciata  Double-striped Pug macro  
70.142 1858 Chloroclystis v-ata  V-Pug macro  
70.144 1860 Pasiphila rectangulata  Green Pug macro = Chloroclystis rectangulata
70.151 1817 Eupithecia pulchellata  Foxglove Pug macro  
70.157 1853 Eupithecia dodoneata Oak-tree Pug macro  
70.159 1855 Eupithecia phoeniceata  Cypress Pug macro  
70.160 1835 Eupithecia tripunctaria  White-spotted Pug macro  
70.173 1825 Eupithecia centaureata Lime-speck Pug macro  
70.176 1827 Eupithecia intricata arceuthata  Freyer's Pug macro = Eupithecia intricata Ssp. arceuthata (Freyer's Pug)
70.179 1830 Eupithecia absinthiata Wormwood Pug macro  
70.182 1832 Eupithecia assimilata Currant Pug macro  
70.183 1834 Eupithecia vulgata  Common Pug macro  
70.184 1819 Eupithecia exiguata Mottled Pug macro  
70.187 1838 Eupithecia icterata  Tawny Speckled Pug macro  
70.188 1839 Eupithecia succenturiata Bordered Pug macro  
70.198 1879 Lobophora halterata Seraphim macro  
70.200 1883 Acasis viretata  Yellow-barred Brindle macro  
70.206 1885 Abraxas sylvata  Clouded Magpie macro  
70.207 1887 Lomaspilis marginata Clouded Border macro  
70.218 1894 Chiasmia clathrata Latticed Heath macro  
70.222 1902 Petrophora chlorosata  Brown Silver-line macro  
70.226 1906 Opisthograptis luteolata Brimstone Moth macro  
70.234 1913 Ennomos alniaria Canary-shouldered Thorn macro  
70.235 1914 Ennomos fuscantaria  Dusky Thorn macro  
70.237 1917 Selenia dentaria  Early Thorn macro  
70.240 1920 Odontopera bidentata  Scalloped Hazel macro  
70.241 1921 Crocallis elinguaria  Scalloped Oak macro  
70.243 1922 Ourapteryx sambucaria  Swallow-tailed Moth macro  
70.245 1663 Alsophila aescularia  March Moth macro  
70.251 1930 Biston strataria  Oak Beauty macro deceased specimen
70.252 1931 Biston betularia  Peppered Moth macro  
70.257 1936 Menophra abruptaria  Waved Umber macro  
70.258 1937 Peribatodes rhomboidaria  Willow Beauty macro  
70.265 1941 Alcis repandata  Mottled Beauty macro  
70.270 1947 Ectropis crepuscularia  Engrailed macro = Ectropis bistortata
70.275 1952 Ematurga atomaria Common Heath macro  
70.277 1955 Cabera pusaria Common White Wave macro  
70.280 1958 Lomographa temerata Clouded Silver macro  
70.283 1961 Campaea margaritaria  Light Emerald macro = Campaea margaritata
70.284 1962 Hylaea fasciaria  Barred Red macro  
70.299 1666 Geometra papilionaria Large Emerald macro  
70.302 1673 Hemistola chrysoprasaria  Small Emerald macro  
70.305 1669 Hemithea aestivaria  Common Emerald macro  
71.001 2022 Thaumetopoea processionea Oak Processionary macro  
71.005 1997 Furcula furcula  Sallow Kitten macro  
71.011 2015 Drymonia ruficornis  Lunar Marbled Brown macro  
71.012 2000 Notodonta dromedarius Iron Prominent macro  
71.013 2003 Notodonta ziczac  Pebble Prominent macro  
71.016 2005 Peridea anceps  Great Prominent macro  
71.018 2006 Pheosia gnoma  Lesser Swallow Prominent macro  
71.020 2011 Pterostoma palpina  Pale Prominent macro  
71.021 2008 Ptilodon capucina  Coxcomb Prominent macro  
71.025 1994 Phalera bucephala Buff-tip macro  
71.027 2019 Clostera curtula  Chocolate-tip macro  
72.001 2469 Scoliopteryx libatrix Herald macro  
72.002 2474 Rivula sericealis  Straw Dot macro  
72.003 2477 Hypena proboscidalis Snout macro  
72.004 2480 Hypena rostralis  Buttoned Snout macro  
72.009 2031 Leucoma salicis  White Satin macro  
72.010 2033 Lymantria monacha Black Arches macro  
72.011 2034 Lymantria dispar  Gypsy Moth macro  
72.012 2029 Euproctis chrysorrhoea Brown-tail macro  
72.013 2030 Euproctis similis Yellow-tail macro  
72.015 2028 Calliteara pudibunda Pale Tussock macro  
72.017 2026 Orgyia antiqua  Vapourer macro  
72.019 2061 Spilosoma lutea  Buff Ermine macro = Spilosoma luteum
72.020 2060 Spilosoma lubricipeda  White Ermine macro  
72.024 2064 Phragmatobia fuliginosa  Ruby Tiger macro  
72.025 2056 Parasemia plantaginis  Wood Tiger macro  
72.026 2057 Arctia caja  Garden Tiger macro  
72.030 2067 Euplagia quadripunctaria  Jersey Tiger macro ab. lutescens
72.031 2069 Tyria jacobaeae Cinnabar macro  
72.035 2037 Miltochrista miniata  Rosy Footman macro  
72.042 2039 Atolmis rubricollis Red-necked Footman macro  
72.044 2044 Eilema griseola  Dingy Footman macro  
72.045 2050 Eilema lurideola  Common Footman macro  
72.046 2047 Eilema complana  Scarce Footman macro  
72.047 2045 Eilema caniola Hoary Footman macro  
72.049 2043 Eilema sororcula Orange Footman macro  
72.053 2489 Herminia tarsipennalis Fan-foot macro = Zanclognatha tarsipennalis
72.055 2492 Herminia grisealis  Small Fan-foot macro  
72.069 2473 Laspeyria flexula  Beautiful Hook-tip macro  
72.078 2452 Catocala nupta  Red Underwing macro  
72.083 2463 Euclidia glyphica Burnet Companion macro  
72.084 2462 Euclidia mi  Mother Shipton macro = Callistege mi
73.002 2449 Abrostola triplasia  Dark Spectacle macro  
73.012 2434 Diachrysia chrysitis Burnished Brass macro  
73.015 2441 Autographa gamma Silver Y macro incl. f.gammina
73.017 2443 Autographa jota  Plain Golden Y macro  
73.024 2410 Deltote pygarga Marbled White Spot macro = Protodeltote pygarga
73.032 2425 Colocasia coryli  Nut-tree Tussock macro  
73.039 2279 Acronicta aceris  Sycamore macro  
73.040 2280 Acronicta leporina Miller macro  
73.045 2289 Acronicta rumicis  Knot Grass macro  
73.046 2278 Subacronicta megacephala  Poplar Grey macro = Acronicta megacephala
73.047 2291 Craniophora ligustri  Coronet macro  
73.048 2397 Panemeria tenebrata Small Yellow Underwing macro  
73.059 2223 Calophasia lunula  Toadflax Brocade macro  
73.062 2297 Amphipyra pyramidea  Copper Underwing macro  
73.069 2243 Xylocampa areola  Early Grey macro  
73.082 2292 Cryphia algae  Tree-lichen Beauty macro  
73.084 2293 Bryophila domestica Marbled Beauty macro = Cryphia domestica
73.095 2389 Caradrina clavipalpis  Pale Mottled Willow macro = Paradrina clavipalpis
73.099 2384 Hoplodrina ambigua  Vine's Rustic macro  
73.101 2380 Charanyca trigrammica  Treble Lines macro incl. ab. semifuscans
73.105 2301 Dypterygia scabriuscula Bird's Wing macro  
73.109 2303 Thalpophila matura  Straw Underwing macro  
73.113 2306 Phlogophora meticulosa  Angle Shades macro  
73.120 2352 Eremobia ochroleuca  Dusky Sallow macro  
73.131 2353 Luperina testacea  Flounced Rustic macro  
73.136 2369 Nonagria typhae  Bulrush Wainscot macro  
73.137 2377 Arenostola phragmitidis  Fen Wainscot macro  
73.156 2326 Apamea crenata Clouded-bordered Brindle macro  
73.157 2333 Apamea anceps  Large Nutmeg macro  
73.158 2334 Apamea sordens  Rustic Shoulder-knot macro  
73.162 2321 Apamea monoglypha  Dark Arches macro  
73.163 2322 Apamea lithoxylaea  Light Arches macro  
73.168 2336 Lateroligia ophiogramma  Double Lobed macro = Apamea ophiogramma
73.172 2341 Mesoligia furuncula  Cloaked Minor macro  
73.176 2340 Oligia fasciuncula  Middle-barred Minor macro  
73.179 2271 Tiliacea citrago  Orange Sallow macro = Xanthia citrago
73.180 2272 Tiliacea aurago  Barred Sallow macro = Xanthia aurago
73.193 2270 Omphaloscelis lunosa  Lunar Underwing macro  
73.197 2260 Conistra rubiginea  Dotted Chestnut macro  
73.208 2242 Xylena exsoleta Sword-grass macro  
73.216 2318 Cosmia trapezina  Dun-bar macro  
73.219 2269 Atethmia centrago  Centre-barred Sallow macro  
73.221 2268 Parastichtis suspecta  Suspected macro  
73.222 2314 Apterogenum ypsillon Dingy Shears macro = Parastichtis ypsillon
73.235 2255 Polymixis lichenea  Feathered Ranunculus macro  
73.237 2252 Polymixis flavicincta  Large Ranunculus macro  
73.242 2188 Orthosia incerta  Clouded Drab macro  
73.244 2187 Orthosia cerasi  Common Quaker macro  
73.245 2182 Orthosia cruda  Small Quaker macro  
73.247 2186 Orthosia gracilis  Powdered Quaker macro  
73.249 2190 Orthosia gothica  Hebrew Character macro  
73.253 2178 Tholera decimalis  Feathered Gothic macro  
73.255 2145 Anarta trifolii  Nutmeg macro = Discestra trifolii
73.263 2157 Lacanobia w-latinum  Light Brocade macro  
73.267 2160 Lacanobia oleracea  Bright-line Brown-eye macro  
73.270 2155 Melanchra persicariae Dot Moth macro  
73.273 2147 Hada plebeja  Shears macro = Hada nana
73.274 2154 Mamestra brassicae Cabbage Moth macro  
73.280 2165 Hecatera dysodea  Small Ranunculus macro  
73.281 2173 Hadena bicruris  Lychnis macro  
73.290 2192 Mythimna conigera Brown-line Bright Eye macro  
73.291 2199 Mythimna pallens  Common Wainscot macro  
73.293 2198 Mythimna impura  Smoky Wainscot macro  
73.298 2193 Mythimna ferrago Clay macro  
73.301 2205 Leucania comma  Shoulder-striped Wainscot macro = Mythimna comma
73.302 2204 Leucania obsoleta  Obscure Wainscot macro  
73.317 2089 Agrotis exclamationis  Heart and Dart macro  
73.319 2087 Agrotis segetum  Turnip Moth macro  
73.320 2088 Agrotis clavis  Heart and Club macro  
73.325 2092 Agrotis puta  Shuttle-shaped Dart macro  
73.327 2091 Agrotis ipsilon  Dark Sword-grass macro  
73.328 2098 Axylia putris  Flame macro  
73.329 2102 Ochropleura plecta  Flame Shoulder macro  
73.334 2123 Diarsia rubi  Small Square-spot macro  
73.338 2118 Lycophotia porphyrea  True Lover's Knot macro  
73.342 2107 Noctua pronuba  Large Yellow Underwing macro  
73.343 2110 Noctua fimbriata  Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing macro  
73.345 2109 Noctua comes  Lesser Yellow Underwing macro  
73.348 2111 Noctua janthe  Lesser Broad-bordered Yellow Underwing macro  
73.357 2134 Xestia xanthographa  Square-spot Rustic macro  
73.359 2126 Xestia c-nigrum  Setaceous Hebrew Character macro  
73.361 2128 Xestia triangulum Double Square-spot macro  
73.365 2117 Eugnorisma glareosa Autumnal Rustic macro  
74.003 2077 Nola cucullatella  Short-cloaked Moth macro  
74.004 2078 Nola confusalis  Least Black Arches macro  
74.007 2421 Bena bicolorana Scarce Silver-lines macro  
74.008 2422 Pseudoips prasinana  Green Silver-lines macro  
74.009 2423 Nycteola revayana  Oak Nycteoline macro